Poultry Feed Ingredients Composition

Poultry feed ingredients composition is the essential part for the feed formulation in Poultry. Without knowing Poultry feed ingredients composition, it is impossible for making Poultry diets for all species. Before, Poultry feed formulation, composition of any feed ingredients should consider at first stages. Now we can discussed the Top poultry feed ingredients and their composition.

You can also see- Essential poultry Ingredients and classification

1. Maize

Corn, also called maize, was first grown in America by the American-Indians. It is the most essential poultry feed ingredient. It has broad spectrum nutritive composition that meets all requirements specially energy site. In most poultry diets, corn will be the major contributor of metabolizable energy.

Maize Nutrients Composition

It is source of energy, protein (comparatively low), essential amino Acid, mineral etc. but is used as a energy source components in poultry diets. according to volume. nutritive value and price, it is a major poultry feed ingredients in the poultry diet. composition of maize at tubular form below here;

Dry matter85%Methionine0.2%
Crude Protein8.5Methionine+ Cystine0.31
Metabolize Energy:Lysine0.2
Calcium0.01Arginine 0.39
Av phosphorus 0.13
Sodium0.05Dig Methionine0.18
Chloride 0.05Dig Methionine+ Cystine0.27
Potassium0.38Dig lysine 0.16
Selenium (ppm)0.04Dig Trytophan0.07
Fat3.5Dig Threonine0.33
linoleic acid1.9Dig Arginine0.35
Crude Fibre2.5
Composition shows as a %. Reference Commercial Poultry Nutrition

2. Soybean Meal

Soybean meal is a valuable source of protein in poultry feed. It contains approximately 44-48% protein, making it an excellent source of essential amino acids necessary for growth and development.

3. Wheat

Wheat is another essential ingredient in poultry feed, providing carbohydrates and protein. The composition of wheat is approximately 70% carbohydrates, 12-13% protein, and 2-3% fat.

4. fishmeal

Fishmeal is a valuable source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for healthy growth and development. It contains approximately 60-70% protein, making it an excellent source of essential amino acids.

5. Sunflower meal

Sunflower meal is a byproduct of sunflower seed oil production and is rich in protein and fiber. It contains approximately 28-30% protein, making it an excellent source of essential amino acids and energy.

6. Oyster Shell

Oyster shell is a source of calcium, which is essential for bone development and eggshell production. It contains approximately 90-95% calcium and is often included in poultry feed to prevent calcium deficiencies.

7. Vitamin And Minaral Premix

Vitamin and mineral premixes are essential in poultry feed to ensure that birds receive all the necessary vitamins and minerals for growth and development. The premix typically includes vitamins A, D, E, K, and B-complex, as well as essential minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and iron.


In conclusion, a well-balanced poultry feed should contain a combination of essential ingredients, including corn, soybean meal, wheat, fishmeal, sunflower meal, oyster shell, and vitamin and mineral premix. By understanding the composition of these ingredients, poultry farmers can ensure that their birds receive the necessary nutrients for optimal growth, health, and egg production.