Antimicrobial

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Antimicrobial

Antimicrobial In Poultry

Antimicrobial in poultry is any substances that are killed or inhibit the growth of any micro-organism in poultry. The Antimicrobials agents commonly are used in poultry are bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, mycoplasma, rickettsia, and Chlamydia.

Types of Antimicrobial Agents

It’s commonly grouped according to micro-organism where they exert their action primarily. There are six types of Antimicrobial agents found around the world.

  • Antibiotics
  • Antivirus Drug
  • Anti-Fungal Drug
  • Anti mycoplasmal drug
  • Anti-protozoal
  • Anti-Rekettsial drug

1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics are Antimicrobial Agents that kill or inhabited the growth of the bacteria during the infection process going on. it is the most usable Antimicrobial substance which has been using since it discovered worldwide.

According to the function of antibiotics, it is two types

Also, Read

Top 3 antibiotics for fowl typhoid

Bacteriostatic

It is defined as an antibiotic which is just inhabited the growth of bacterial multiplication by interfering with bacterial protein production, DNA replication, or other aspects of bacterial cellular metabolism. Example- Sulpha drugs, erythromycin, azithromycin, Tilmycosin, Florfenicol, Oxytetracycline, tylosin, Tiamulin, etc

Bacteriocidal

It is defined as an antibiotic which is completely killed the bacterial population inhibition of bacterial enzymes and protein translation. Example- Amoxicillin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Enrofloxacin, cefalexin, ceftriaxone, neomycin salt, Colistin sulfate, Gentamycin, etc.

Also, Read

Poultry Cephalosporin

Ceftriaxone in poultry

According to the mode of action, Antibiotics are classified as the following way-

1. Cell wall Synthesis

The antibiotics kill the bacteria by stopping cell wall Synthesis.

Penicillins

Cephalosporins

Vancomycin

Beta-lactamase

Carbapenems

Aztreonam

2. Protein Synthesis Inhibitors

It is killed the bacteria by inhibiting bacterial Protein Synthesis.

Antibiotics that blocked the 30S subunit of bacteria for inhibition of protein synthesis are-

Aminoglycosides

Tetracyclines

Antibiotics that blocked the 50S subunit of bacteria for inhibition of protein synthesis are-

Macrolides

Chloramphenicol

Clindamycin

Linezolid

Streptogramins

Also Read

Common Antibiotics Using in Broiler diseases

3.DNA Synthesis

Antibiotics that killed the bacteria by inhibiting DNA Synthesis.

Fluoroquinolones

Metronidazole

4. RNA synthesis

Antibiotics which is killing bacteria by inhibiting DNA Synthesis.

Rifampin

5. Mycolic Acid synthesis

Antibiotics which is killing the bacteria by Mycolic Acid synthesis.

Isoniazid

6.Folic Acid synthesis inhibitors

Antibiotics which is killing the bacteria by Folic Acid synthesis.

Sulfonamides

Trimethoprim

Top Common Antibiotics For Poultry

1. Amoxicillin

2. Cefalexin

3. Gentamycin

4. Neomycin

5. Erythromycin

6. Tylosin

7.Levofloxacin

8. Tiamulin

9. CIPROFLOXACIN

10. Enrofloxacin

Antiprotozoal Drugs

The drugs which are acting various types Emeria app under the family of apicomplexan in Poultry. There various ways to denote antiprotozoal Drugs in chicken with the name of variation. Example- Anti-coccidial, Coccidiostats, Coccidioidal, etc.

Common antiprotozoal Drugs for Poultry

Toltrazuril

Diclazuril

Sulphaclozine sodium

Sulphadimidine

Amprolium

Maduramycin

Semduramycin

Clopidol

Lasalocid

See Also-

Top 3 Anticoocdial drugs for coccidiosis in poultry

Toltrazuril in poultry

Types of Anticoccidial drugs in poultry

General characters Characteristics of Anticoccidial

Maduramycin in poultry

Semduramycin in poultry

Monensin in poultry

Ionophore in poultry

Ionophores Resistance and toxity in poultry

Antimycoplasmal drugs

Drugs which is killed or suppressed the growth of the mycoplasma or mycoplasmosis infection in poultry. There are two types of mycoplasma found in poultry –Mycoplasma galliseptivum and M. Synovae.

The common antimycoplasmal drugs are

Tiamulin hydrogen fumarate

Tylosin tartrate

Erythromycin

Tylvalosin

Also, Read- Tiamulin in Poultry

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