Antimicrobial In Poultry
Antimicrobial in poultry is any substances that are killed or inhibit the growth of any micro-organism in poultry. The Antimicrobials agents commonly are used in poultry are bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, mycoplasma, rickettsia, and Chlamydia.
Types of Antimicrobial Agents
It’s commonly grouped according to micro-organism where they exert their action primarily. There are six types of Antimicrobial agents found around the world.
- Antivirus Drug
- Anti-Fungal Drug
- Anti mycoplasmal drug
- Anti-Rekettsial drug
Antibiotics are Antimicrobial Agents that kill or inhabited the growth of the bacteria during the infection process going on. it is the most usable Antimicrobial substance which has been using since it discovered worldwide.
According to the function of antibiotics, it is two types
It is defined as an antibiotic which is just inhabited the growth of bacterial multiplication by interfering with bacterial protein production, DNA replication, or other aspects of bacterial cellular metabolism. Example- Sulpha drugs, erythromycin, azithromycin, Tilmycosin, Florfenicol, Oxytetracycline, tylosin, Tiamulin, etc
It is defined as an antibiotic which is completely killed the bacterial population inhibition of bacterial enzymes and protein translation. Example- Amoxicillin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Enrofloxacin, cefalexin, ceftriaxone, neomycin salt, Colistin sulfate, Gentamycin, etc.
According to the mode of action, Antibiotics are classified as the following way-
1. Cell wall Synthesis
The antibiotics kill the bacteria by stopping cell wall Synthesis.
2. Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
It is killed the bacteria by inhibiting bacterial Protein Synthesis.
Antibiotics that blocked the 30S subunit of bacteria for inhibition of protein synthesis are-
Antibiotics that blocked the 50S subunit of bacteria for inhibition of protein synthesis are-
Antibiotics that killed the bacteria by inhibiting DNA Synthesis.
4. RNA synthesis
Antibiotics which is killing bacteria by inhibiting DNA Synthesis.
5. Mycolic Acid synthesis
Antibiotics which is killing the bacteria by Mycolic Acid synthesis.
6.Folic Acid synthesis inhibitors
Antibiotics which is killing the bacteria by Folic Acid synthesis.
Top Common Antibiotics For Poultry
The drugs which are acting various types Emeria app under the family of apicomplexan in Poultry. There various ways to denote antiprotozoal Drugs in chicken with the name of variation. Example- Anti-coccidial, Coccidiostats, Coccidioidal, etc.
Common antiprotozoal Drugs for Poultry
Drugs which is killed or suppressed the growth of the mycoplasma or mycoplasmosis infection in poultry. There are two types of mycoplasma found in poultry –Mycoplasma galliseptivum and M. Synovae.
The common antimycoplasmal drugs are
Tiamulin hydrogen fumarate