Coccidiosis in poultry

Coccidiosis In Chicken

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What is Coccidiosis in chicken?

Coccidiosis is the parasitic disease which caused by protozoan genera of Emeria spp under the phylum of Apicomplexa in Chicken. Coccidiosis is a disease of universal importance in poultry production.

Parasite defined as organism that lives in or on an organism of another species (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the other’s expense. Coccidia are parasite that a host for completing life cycle & survived into poultry.

Protozoa defined as protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.
The Apicomplexa (also called Apicomplexia) are a large phylum of parasitic alveolates. Most of them possess a unique form of organelle that comprises a type of plastid called an apicoplast, and an apical complex structure. {The organelle is an adaptation that the apicomplexan applies in penetration of a host cell.

Eimeria is a genus of apicomplexan parasites that includes various species capable of causing the disease coccidiosis in animals such as cattlepoultry, and smaller ruminants including sheep and goats.

Which is causal Agent of Coccidiosis in Chicken?

Emeria spp is the responsible for causing coccidiosis in Chicken.

Why Emeria spp responsible for causing coccidiosis in Chicken. ?

Because The chicken is the only natural host of these 8 species of Eimeria. Natural host an is usually a living host of a certain species, such as an animal or a plant, inside of which a pathogen survives, often (though not always) without causing disease for the reservoir itself.

How many Emeria spp which causing coccidiosis in chicken?

There are eighr species of Emeria which are E. acervulina, E. brunetti, E. maxima, E. mitis, E.  mivati, E. necatrix, E. praecox, E. tenella which are responsible causing coccidiosis in chicken.


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