Diseases Of Broiler and Treatment - POULTRY MANIA
Avian gout in broiler

Diseases Of Broiler and Treatment

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Common Diseases Of Broiler

The life cycle of the broiler bird is very small. Normally the marketable age broiler is 30 days. But some countries have been permitted for 45 days. the most common diseases of broiler are omphalitis, coccidiosis, Gout, Mycoplasmosis, Salmonellosis.

Related Post- Broiler birds Requirement for the successful broiler operation

Omphalitis

It is the most common disease at an early age, especially in chicks. Omphalitis is are also are known as navel infection, yolk sac infection, and many chicks disease.

Some veterinarians assumed that omphalitis is hatchery born disease. It is coming from hatchery due to a faulty incubation period or provides insufficient temperature after incubation.

It is a multifactorial disease in chicks due to more number of the infectious organisms are involved in omphalitis.

Clinical Signs

The primary clinical signs are chicks unable to stand up, prostration, off feed, dullness, pesty vent with yellowish or whitish feces.

Postmortem findings

Postmortem findings involved a large mass of egg yolk can easily see in the abdomen. The liver became smaller with a yellowish color.

omphalitisin poultry
The reddened area of the lower abdomen indicates omphalitis or navel infection in chicks
Omphalitis in chicks

Treatment

Treatment involving temperature control associated with humidity inside the shed. The application of antibiotics depends on the types of infection implicated. Generally, all kinds of gram-negative bacteria but some Gram-positive bacteria responsible for the complications.

Therefore, the antibiotics act both types of bacteria are usually effective in this case. For instance, cephalexin @10mg/kg, florfenicol @20mg/kg, Neomycin sulfate 10mg/kg, Amikacin sulfate @10 mg/kg body weight significantly root out the infection

See Also- Poultry Cephalosporin

Escherichia coli infection

Escherichia coli infection also known as colibacillosis, coliseticemia, lichi heart disease, etc. It is gram-negative consulting, and the most present everywhere.

Clinical signs

Primary clinical signs are respiratory difficulty this aisacculitis, off feed, fluffiness, etc.

Yolk sac infection in poultry
3 days broiler chicks huddling near heat source due to omphalitis

Postmortem findings

Pericarditis & perihepatitis are the most common postmortem findings in e.coli infection.

E.coli symptom
Pericarditis conjugation with Escherichia coli infection at 9 days broiler chicks

Treatment

Treatment is similar to omphalitis infection.

Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis caused by the Emeria app in poultry. There are nine species causing two types of coccidiosis in broiler chicken.

Related post- the best drugs for the Coccidiosis In Poultry

Intestine coccidiosis, which causes coccidial lesion both Small & large intestine in the broiler. Common clinical signs are retarded growth, feed spelling, off feed, excess poultry liter ingestion, decreased urate in feces of broiler birds.

In postmortem finding, the intestinal wall became thickened, convoluting, zig-zag duodenum are commonly seen.

Related Post

Acute Coccidiosis: Clinical Signs

Acute Coccidiosis: Postmortem Findings

Per Acute Coccidiosis: Postmortem findings

Coccidiosis In Chicks: Postmortem Findings

Per Acute Coccidiosis: Postmortem Findings

Treatment

Coccidiosis treatment on sites of infection in the intestine of the poultry. there are numerous drugs available in the market. the common drugs for the coccidiosis treatment are toltrazuril, diclaclazuril, sulfur drugs etc

See also

Toltrazuril in poultry

The Top 3 drugs for Coccidiosis in Poultry

Organic Treatment for coccidiosis in poultry

Avian Gout

It is called a metabolic disease of the broiler. It is commonly seen in the early winter season. Normally, avian gout mainly known as gout encounters at the early age of broiler birds.

In the field, Gout usually starts after one week & continue up to the 21-22 days in the broiler. Mortality varies types of gout in the internal organ of broiler birds.

Causes

The exact etiology & pathogenesis is unknown. But some veterinary researchers believe that there are two types of amino acids responsible for this disease.

Related Post- causes of the Avian Gout

The first one is, pyrimidine & the second one is the plain base. because the end product which caused gout in broiler called uric acid are originated from two types of amino acid.

See also- Uric acid in poultry

Clinical signs

Common clinical signs are sleeping death of chicks without a showing clinical sign. Prostration with excess nasal discharge,

See also- Gout in Poultry- clinical signs

Postmortem Findings

In postmortem findings, chalky whitish substances found on the kidney, heart & liver.

See also- Gout in laying chicken-clinical symptoms, necropsy findings and treatment

Treatment of visceral gout
visceral gout in broiler

Treatment

Treatment of gout in broiler depends on identifying amino acids in the field. It is very easy to diagnose the types of amino acids. if the treatment response to allopurinol, the underlying source of uric acid from purine, while it is rather than pyrimidine origin.

See also- visceral gout treatment in poultry

In the case of pyrimidine origin, febuxostat works well compared to other drugs. therefore, the source of uric acid acts as a dominant role in curing the disease. for purine origin allopurinol and for the pyrimidine origin febuxostat.

See also- Diseases of poultry and treatment I part 01

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