Fowl Typhoid: Postmortem Findings In Chicks POULTRY MANIA
Fowl typhoid in chicks,

Fowl Typhoid: Postmortem Findings In Chicks

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Fowl Typhoid

Fowl typhoid is a highly septicemic bacterial disease caused by salmonella gallinerum in chicks. Most other species such as turkey, quail, ducks are also susceptible. It is a normal inhabitant in chicks and adult poultry in the intestinal environment in poultry.

General Feature of salmonella gallinerum

It s a member of the family of Enterobacteriaceae which highly adaptive to the host. Generally normal inhabitant of the small intestine in chicks.

The bacteria are slender rods measuring approximately .9-1.0 pm-2.5 µm in length and .28-0.3 pm-1.5 µm in width.
All ages are susceptible to salmonella gallinerum in poultry. there is confusion about the age of susceptibility in different literature & writer also. some authors suggested that fowl typhoid only disease of adult birds especially laying hen. in some cases fowl typhoid concurrently occurred with coccidiosis in chicks.

See Also- Top 3 drugs for the coccidiosis treatment

But it occurred at any age at field condition. horizontal transform to parents to chicks from infected parents stock. Other possible ways to transmit to chicks by contaminated eggs.

Postmortem Findings

Postmortem findings or necropsy of the fowl typhoid can found at an early age in chicks. Some important pathognomic lesion below-

Fowl typhoid in chicks, FT in chicks, Salmonellosis, Salmonellosis in chicks, salmonella infection in chicks, salmonella gallinerum,salmonella gallinerum in chicks,
liver became 6 tines enlarged than normal & markedly congested at 08 days chicks. its predominant site of infection by fowl typhoid.
Fowl typhoid in chicks, FT in chicks, Salmonellosis, Salmonellosis in chicks, salmonella infection in chicks, salmonella gallinerum,salmonella gallinerum in chicks,
Pericarditis conjugation with Escherichia coli infection at 9 days broiler chicks
Fowl typhoid in chicks, FT in chicks, Salmonellosis, Salmonellosis in chicks, salmonella infection in chicks, salmonella gallinerum,salmonella gallinerum in chicks,
Spleen 5 times larger & severely blackish in color due to inflammation by S.gallinerum at 12 days broiler birds. its 2nd site of infection of fowl typhoid in poultry.

there are two main site of infection at early ages in fowl typhoid.So check the two site such liver & spleen for diagnosing fowl typhoid in chicks.

the lesion of the adult layer hen has been presented in this video

Fowl typhoid lesion in laying chicken

Treatment

As the causal agent of the fowl typhoid is salmonella gallinerum and it is a gram-negative-bacteria. Obviously, we have to choose the antibiotics which act on gram-negative-bacteria. The common antibiotics are Florfenicol, gentamycin salt, Neomycin, and Florfenicol.

See Also- the best Antibiotics for the fowl typhoid in poultry

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